Women’s oral health

Women’s oral health

Oral health problems are unique to women. Variations in hormone levels during the menstrual cycle, pregnancy and menopause can increase the risk of problems in the mouth, teeth and gums.

When hormone levels change, gums can become swollen and irritated. They may also bleed, particularly during pregnancy, when the immune system is more vulnerable than normal. The menstrual cycle, the contraceptive pill and menopause are all other factors that can affect women’s oral health by causing hormone levels to vary.

Older women are also at greater risk of developing osteoporosis. Menopause causes a drop in estrogen production, leading to a reduction in bone tissue. According to studies, this loss is calculated at a rate of 2 to 5% per year for 10 years. Osteoporosis affects every bone in the body, even the jawbone. Reduced bone density can lead to a number of oral pathologies. For example, over time, osteoporosis leads to receding dentition and can create interdental spaces. This can lead to periodontitis (gum disease) and, in some cases, tooth loss. For women who wear dentures or wish to do so, denture stability can also be affected if bone loss occurs in the jaw.

It is therefore important for women to maintain good oral hygiene and visit the dentist regularly. A balanced diet that includes calcium and vitamin D is also important for maintaining healthy bones. Don’t hesitate to talk to your dentist if you have any concerns.

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